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Restitution hypothétique de l’ordonnance dimensionnelle du monument à partir du module urbain de 300 pieds romains.
D’après © D. Busson et V. Charlanne.

Restitution des thermes de Cluny superposée à la topographie actuelle.
Cliché © IGN Photothèque Nationale - 1999.

Restitution des thermes de Cluny superposée à la topographie actuelle.
Infographie © M.-O. Agnes et A.-B. Pimpaud.
Cliché © IGN Photothèque Nationale - 1999.

In Roman times, the baths occupied a trapezoidally-shaped insula. The south side, which was the short face of the trapezoid, was exactly 300 feet long. North to south, it measured 375 feet (or 400 including the part of the building that extended into the decumanus to the north). The baths covered an area of slightly more than one hectare.

Within this insula, two large areas can be identified:

  • to the south, a large courtyard bounded by a wing that probably contained shopes ;
  • to the north, the bath complex itself, which roughly corresponds to the portion that exists today.

We can see that the bathing section-whose general structure is arranged symmetrically on either side of a north-south axis-is also the product of a modular arrangement that has been partially deciphered.