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Mari was a new city founded on a natural terrace on the right bank of the Euphrates between Syria and Babylonia around 2900 BCE. Its prime location made it one of the most important Near Eastern cities of the 3rd and 2nd millennia.

The Great royal palace of Mari

This palace dating from the 2nd millennium is a unique example. Its exceptional state of conservation makes it possible to understand the characteristics of other Mesopotamian palaces known to date. The archives, paintings and furniture of the palace bear witness to the wealth and life of the court.