The many large-scale excavations that have been carried out in recent years have given us a better understanding of the different types of habitation. Certain large, roughly oval-shaped enclosures, which reveal traces of postholes and interior ditches, may have been part of early and middle Bronze Age agricultural domains.

The best example of this is the beautiful set of structures discovered at Étaples (Pas-de-Calais), which include a funerary monument and two moated enclosures, one of which is a "ring fort". Other unexcavated structure groups, mostly located on the coastal side, may belong to this type of implantation, like the one at Bertangles (Somme).

Two little round buildings, attributed to the Middle Bronze Age were found at Roeux (Pas-de-Calais). All of these structures are similar to those that are already known, especially those in England and Benelux, but also, quite recently, in Lower Normany.

In the Late Bronze Age, raised camps are well represented in northern France, such as at Catenoy and Vieux-Moulin (Oise). Several agricultural groupings, often level with the ground, are found here and there among the valleys. There is one single case at Choisy-au-Bac (Oise), where the villages were sealed in flood silt and were reconstructed in successive layers between the Late Bronze and the Early Iron Age. Nevertheless, the site occupies a strategic position at the confluence of the Aisne and the Oise rivers.

Next slide
Previous slide

Grand enclos fossoyé qui pourrait appartenir à un établissement rural de l'âge du Bronze, comme celui fouillé à Étaples. Bertangles (Somme).

Sur sol nu, on voit apparaître des enclos fossoyés circulaires et un autre plus irrégulier. Folleville (Somme).

À l'âge du Bronze final, les camps de hauteur sont bien représentés dans la France du Nord, comme à Catenoy et Vieux-Moulin (Oise). Quelques ensembles agricoles, souvent arasés, sont disséminés dans les vallées. Il existe un seul cas à Choisy-au-Bac (Oise), où des villages sont scellés dans des limons de débordement et ont été reconstruits les uns sur les autres entre le Bronze final et le premier âge du Fer. Toutefois, le site occupe une position stratégique au confluent de l'Aisne et de l'Oise.