Every species has its own status, whether it is hunted or not. And yet Palaeolithic peoples chose to depict, in a permanent manner, only certain species on walls.

Thus, the archaeological vestiges found at Roc-aux-Sorciers contain abundant fauna, dominated by the reindeer. Reindeer was the most-consumed animal, an excellent source of meat and raw materials (antlers, hides, etc.). However, reindeers are never represented in wall sculptures.

Ibex remains, however, are few. This species, which was hunted only on occasion, is very much present on sculpted walls, appearing in herds.